Back in 2010, I started blogging on WordPress. The reason was simple, I thought since it is the world’s most popular blogging system, it should offer reasonably good user experience. But to my surprise, The UI wasn’t that great especially for technical posts with code snippets. Having done no web development at all back then, I just had to cope with it.
Fast forward to 2012, I started doing web development with ASP.NET/C#. My former colleagues Yijun Xu and Jianguo Ning at the time were creating their blog sites with Jekyll + Octopress and hosted on Github Pages under custom domains. So with their help, I managed to do the same. I really liked the result, because for me writing markdown felt more in control than fiddling with WordPress’ WYSIWYG interface. My old Jekyll blog was using a theme named Scribble. I liked the fact that it was a fairly minimalist theme, but there were things I had hoped to be different. For example, when viewed on a modern computer, the viewing area was too narrow. While syntax highlighting for code snippets was possible, the color schema wasn’t the best. Having said all that though, it was probably the best I could have done. I was still new as a web developer by then and my frontend skills are fairly limited, so designing or customising a Jekyll theme was too far-fetched for me.
After not blogging for the whole 2016, I started writing super short posts on Medium in early 2017, because those are more approachable than longer form articles. I was quite impressed by Medium’s editing interface, which is a fine balance between markdown and WYSIWYG and the published articles look gorgeous as well. So I was happy with Medium for a few years, until they started to enforce what they call a “metered paywall”. Of course there was a rational behind the Medium Model and to be honest, that was a nice idea, but still I wasn’t a fan. I write to share what I’ve learnt and I want my writings freely available for everyone who’s interested. So naturally any form of paywalls are at odds with my purpose for writings.
Because of the phases of my blogging journey, I have content in three different forms, which means I’ll need to migrate them in different ways too.
Posts in WordPress can be exported in XML format and then there is a node tool called wordpress-export-to-markdown that can help convert them into markdown.
First login to the WordPress admin console and navigate to the “Export Content” page via Tools -> Export . Then hitting the “Export all” button should get all the posts in WordPress exported in a single XML file.
wordpress-export-to-markdown with npx to convert the posts from XML into markdown:
npx wordpress-export-to-markdown --input=path-to-your-export-file.xml
Or another option is to clone the repository and run it locally, which makes repeated runs much faster:
git clone email@example.com:lonekorean/wordpress-export-to-markdown.git cd wordpress-export-to-markdown npm install node index.js
The nice thing about this tool is by default it starts in wizard mode and asks about any options not provided on the command line. To learn more about available options, head over to its Github repository. Also How To Convert WordPress To Markdown by Kev Quirk covers converting WordPress to markdown in great details. You might want to check it out.
For posts from my old Jekyll blog, it should have been straightforward because they were originally written in markdown already. But regrettably for some reason I only put the generated site in the blog repository on Github without the markdown files, so the HTML files were what I had to work with. That was definitely more work than if I could just copy over the original markdown files, but I found an online tool called Turndown to convert HTML to Markdown, which made working on this much more tolerable. It also offer options to choose heading style, code block style and etc., which I found quite handy.
For each of my old Jekyll posts, I had to paste in the HTML source and copy the markdown output into a new file. That was quite repetitive for sure, but since there was only less than ten posts in this category, it wasn’t too bad. This time around, I wouldn’t make the same mistake. The source of my blog is in this repository. Hopefully open-soucing the blog itself would make the life of future me a bit easier and might even help others too.
Lastly it comes to migrating my posts in Medium and for that there is an npm package named
mediumexporter. First install it with
npm install -g mediumexporter
Then run it with
mediumexporter https://url-to-the-medium-post-to-export > exported_post.md
Similar to Turndown, I had to go through all my Medium posts one by one with
mediumexporter. Again there was less than ten, so it was okay.
If you’d like more details about exporting Medium posts to markdown, check out Export your Medium posts to Markdown.
After getting the content as markdown from the three sources, I still need to make various adjustments.
Most posts exported from the above tools do not include Jekyll front matter and even when front matter is included, it doesn’t have the relevant tags. So I’d like to add front matter with title, date and tags to all posts, which would look like the following:
--- title: "Understanding the Use Statement in Elixir with Examples" date: "2015-10-14" tags: elixir use ---
As mentioned earlier, Turndown supports choosing markdown styles for heading, code block, etc., which is handy. But unfortunately, the other two export tools doesn’t provide such options, therefore I had to make manual adjustments in order to keep the style consistent.
mediumexporter uses indentation for code blocks:
asdf plugin-add java
But I prefer fenced with back ticks:
```bash asdf plugin-add java ```
Updating Stale Links
I have been blogging on and off for ten years, which is a long time. Unfortunately during that time many of the sites that I originally linked to are no longer live, so there are a fair number of stale links in my posts. For some of the linked pages, the site was moved and I was able to find their new home then update to the new links. For others the site was simply gone, but I still kept the stale links as plain text maybe just to note that there used to be this article on the Internet.
Also even for the valid links, after all these years the content might be out-of-date or even irrelevant. Sadly there is not much I could do about that. Like it or not, nothing lasts for ever in this world.
In this post, I briefly went through my blogging journey over the past ten years, noted down how I migrated content from three different sources to the current Jekyll blog and the various adjustments that were made.
Hopefully this would serve as a reference for people who want to do the same and might even be helpful for my future self as well.
Again I’d like to thank Paul, Yijun and Jianguo for their generous help, thank the authors to the articles I referenced for sharing their knowledge for free and thank the creators and contributors of the open source tools I used for their great work.